Task 2: Many people depend on their cars for everyday domestic, social, and working needs. However, unlimited use of cars causes a number of problems. What are some of these problems? What can be done to reduce the use of cars? (City, Environment, Transport)



  1. Detrimental effects on individuals:

- Suffer from a sedentary lifestyle => Lack of exercises/ Lazy to walk or to cycle

- Be distracted while driving => unsafe

  1. Adverse effects on the whole society:

This habit can lead to environmental pollution due to a high level of emissions from cars.

  1. Improve the public transport systems including sufficient services, high-quality facilities, and various choices such as bus, tram, and underground, etc.
  2. Encourage people to walk or cycle more for full health.
  3. The government should invest more money in paving the lanes for walking or cycling.


Task 2: Intelligence is the most important quality of leaders. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Success, Leader, Intelligence)

* Important qualities of a good leader:

- Intelligent vs Smart     

- Leadership

- Empathy (As understanding their employees deeply, they can co-work with them)

- Impersonal skills

- Wisdom


Other important qualities

- A majority of successful leaders are intelligent.

- Several successful leaders are not really intelligent, but they are lucky to have loyal intelligent (outstanding) employees.

(President - CEOs)

- An intelligent manager can outline clear and outstanding strategic plans or orientations.

- Affluent

- Sensitive and socializing

- Leadership



Task 2: Many employees may work at home the modern technology. Some people claim that it can benefit only workers, not employers. Do you agree or disagree? (Technology, Work)

For workers

For employers/ Bosses/ Managers/ Leaders


- Reduce the cost of fuels used in travelling

- Save commuting time

- Work in a pleasant space

- Have better health because of no moving on the streets with lots of fumes and air pollution


- Stimulate the employees’ creativity to produce innovative ideas

- Reduce a great deal of expenditure of fixed assets


- Be easily distracted

- Do not work seriously when being unsupervised

- Have lower motivation

- Weak interpersonal skills


- Affect the productivity

- Affect the business budget

- Poor working cultures

- Weak connection between employees

=> Solutions:

- Force the employees to meet the tight deadlines

- Evaluate the employees’ productivity/ outputs

- Attractive incentives

- Eligible/ Strict punishments


Task 2: The most important function of music is that it helps people reduce stress. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Leisure activity, Music)

*Functions of music:

- Reduce stress/ Relieve stress (v)

- Relax (v)

- Refresh the mind (v)

- Recreational/ Entertaining (adj)

- Recreation/ Entertainment (n )

- Educational (adj)

- Sleep aid (n.phr)

- Cognitive stimulation (n.phr)

- Emotional engagement (n.phr)

- Motivation/ Inspiration (n )

- Social connection (n.phr)


Task 2: Everyone should stay at school until 18. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Education, Children)


- Compulsory/ Mandatory/ Obligatory (adj)

- Mandate/ Compel (v)

- Be forced to do smth (v)

- High school/ Senior school (n.phr)

- Stay on campus (v)

- Campus life (n.phr)

- Complete (v)

- Pursue (v)

- Be part and parcel of smth

- Before adulthood

- Adolescent (n )/ Adolescence (n )

- Acquire / Achieve (v)

- Broad/ Rich/ Wise/ Wide/ Universal knowledge (n.phr)

- Necessary/ Important/ Significant/ Essential/ Crucial/ Vital (adj)


Task 2: Many people use written language in a less formal way and in a relaxed way than in the past. Why is that so? Does this development have more advantages or disadvantages? (Language, Technology, Less formal way)



Agree (Advantages)

- Technology

Slang, Contradicts, Abbreviations, Icons

Eg.: Business correspondence

Big differences between e-mails and snail mails

- Simplification for practice

The more simply, the more popular, the faster people learn

=> Economical

- More friendly

- Extend wider relationships

- Reveal information (opinions/ ideas) more quickly


Task 1: Bar chart

Task 2: The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems. What are those problems? In order to reduce this problem, should we discourage people to use cars? (City, Environment, Transport)


Task 1: Line graph

Task 2: The best way to solve the world’s environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel for cars and other vehicles. To what extent do you agree or disagree(Environment, Transport, Fuel)


Task 1: Line graph

Task 2: Directors of large organizations earn much higher salaries than ordinary employees do. Some people think it is necessary, but others hold that it is unfair. Discuss both views and give your own opinions. (Success, Leaders, Salaries)

Directors of large organizations earn much higher salaries than ordinary employees do



- More intelligence

- Each individual has different strengths (leadership - sales - PR - RD)  

- Managerial ability

- The importance is the productivity (Scientists)

- Higher motivation for others

- The necessity is the higher sales volume (sales executives)