1. Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 2 topic Government

government money = public money = national budgets = state budgets = government funding: ngân sách nhà nước

to spend money on s.th = to invest money in s.th = to allocate money to/for s.th: chi tiền vào việc gì

investment (n): sự đầu tư

important sectors = essential sectors: những lĩnh vực quan trọng

medical services = health care = medical care: lĩnh vực y tế/chăm sóc sức khỏe

schooling = education: giáo dục

a huge amount of money = millions of dollars: 1 khoản tiền khổng lồ/ hàng triệu đô la

a waste of the budget = a waste of public money = money-wasting: phí tiền

to provide financial support for = to offer financial assistance to = give money to: hỗ trợ tài chính cho…

financial resources: các nguồn lực tài chính

government incentives: trợ cấp của chính phủ

to raise people’s awareness: nâng cao ý thức con người

to provide public services: cung cấp các dịch vụ công

to create new jobs: tạo ra việc làm mới

to support people who are living in poverty: hỗ trợ người nghèo

help from the state = government help: sự giúp đỡ từ chính phủ

government support for… = government funding for…: sự hỗ trợ của chính phủ cho…

to rely on alternative sources of financial support: dựa vào các nguồn hỗ trợ tài chính khác

to cut all kinds of costs related to: cắt giảm toàn bộ chi phí liên quan đến

to be responsible for: chịu trách nhiệm về vấn đề gì

social security: an ninh xã hội

government spending categories: các khoản mục chi tiêu của chính phủ

infrastructure investment: sự đầu tư vào cơ sở hạ tầng

research spending: chi tiêu cho lĩnh vực nghiên cứu

2. Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 topic Government

Some believe that because everyone needs a place to live, governments should provide houses for those who are too poor to afford their own. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many reformers argue that governments have a huge responsibility to provide public housing to citizens who are too poor to be able to afford to buy their own. In my opinion, although there are some situations where it may be necessary, it is better to give everyone a chance to get out of poverty.

Advocates of government support in housing programs point to institutional inadequacies that keep people in constant poverty. In the United States, there is a long and traumatic history involving African Americans, beginning with slavery, discrimination and still showing its impact in many other forms of racism. together. These people have little chance of escaping poverty and owning their own home because it is difficult for them to get a good education and then a job. If the government provides them with housing, it will give them better conditions to work and send their children to school. That could break the long chain of poverty that has ravaged their way in America.

While the argument above has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to remain successful. Charity is a notorious double-edged sword because it promotes dependence. People from poor backgrounds who work hard to own a home develop the will and determination to serve them throughout their lives. Their self-esteem will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold on to their home, despite obstacles. If the government just gave this person a home, they would be less inclined to take care of it and would not develop any of the qualities that would mark success in their life in general.

In conclusion, people with more self-control were more likely to succeed and keep their homes. The role of government should be more subtle and include educational reforms that open up opportunities that individuals themselves can seize.

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