Common global issues

  • Environment (Redd+)
  • Healthcare (WHO) (pandemics)
  • Disasters 
  • Overageing population (Japan, Finland,…)
  • Urbanization (by 2050: 70%)
  • Juvenile violence


Task 2 (Japan): Many major cities today are becoming bigger and more crowded. Why is this happening? What measures can be taken to solve this problem? (Cause & Solution)

Task 2 (6/6):  Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end hunger and poverty, while others say that economic growth is damaging the environment so it must be stopped. Discuss both views and give your opinion. (Discussion)

Task 2 (5/6): Some people believe that children should be taught about recycling and avoiding waste at home, while others believe children should learn this at school. Discuss both views.  (Discussion)

Task 2 (4/6): Environmental damage is a problem in most countries. What factors damage the environment and who should take responsibility? (Cause & Solution)

Task 2 (29/5): Some human activities have negative effects on plant and animal species. Some people think it is too late to do anything about this problem while others think effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give our opinion  (Discussion)

Task 2 (24/5): Some people believe that to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus more on environmental pollution and housing problems. To some extent do you agree or disagree? (Argument)

Task 2 (19/5)The natural resources such as oil, forests and freshwater are being consumed at an alarming rate. What problems does it cause? How can we solve these problems? (Problem & Solution)

TASK 2. As countries develop, their populations tend to live individually or in small family units. In your opinion, what are the causes and what are the effects on both individuals and society as a whole. (cause & effect)


Task 2 (24/5): Some people believe that to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus more on environmental pollution and housing problems. To some extent do you agree or disagree? (Argument)


Style: Balanced

4 paragraphs = 13 sentences

INTRODUCTION (2 sentences)

S1: Topic + Background (How, When, Where)

S2: Thesis (Opinion) + Outline (Environment, housing - Medical service, Food)

BODY 1 (5 sentences)

S1: Topic sentence = Topic + Controlling idea (for) + (Supporting idea)

S2: Explanation 1: Environmental pollution for illness and disease prevention: dust, bacteria, viruses, climate changes  

S3: Example 1: In Vietnam: comparisons between urban areas and mountainous areas: Breath

S4: Explanation 2: Accommodation for illness and disease prevention: remove run-down houses and buildings, construct high-rise buildings and more green parks

S5: Example 2: In Hanoi: plans to dimilish all old complexes in Kim Ma and Hoang Cau districts

BODY 2: (5 sentences)

S1: Topic sentence = Topic + Controlling idea (against) + (Supporting idea)

S2: Explanation 1: Healthcare   

S3: Example 1:  Covid-19

S4: Explanation 2: Food   - prevention + cure

S5: Example 2: Flu

CONCLUSION (1 sentence)

Restate the introduction (2nd) + Main explanation



Positives of globalisation:

  • Business is becoming increasingly international.
  • A global economy means free trade between countries.
  • This can strengthen political relationships.
  • Globalisation can also create opportunities for employment.
  • It encourages investment in less developed countries.
  • It could reduce poverty in the developing world.

Negatives of globalisation:

  • Globalisation can also lead to unemployment and exploitation.
  • Companies move to countries where labour is cheap.
  • This creates redundancies, or job losses.
  • Some companies exploit their employees in developing countries.
  • Salaries are low and working conditions are often poor.
  • Global trade also creates excessive waste and pollution.

Global warming

  • The industrial revolution in modern times has led to an increased release of gases into the atmosphere
  • Population explosion has resulted in excessive dependence on fossil fuels
  • Deforestation done by humans has resulted in huge loss of trees
  • The ozone layer is depleted from many parts of the earth
  • Conserving the forest area by implementing strict norms and encouraging to plant more tree

Eating local food

  • Foods from other cities or other countries usually travel long distances before reaching customers
  • Without exotic foods from far away, consumers are restrained to local produce which is often seasonal and lacks diversity.
  • The domination of food in the local market will make customers will fall victim to price inflation
  • The consumption of local products can reduce food miles and therefore cut down on carbon footprint
  • The local economy will be boosted greatly

The use of alternative sources

  • Fossil fuel is not eco-friendly and its usage comes with huge environmental costs
  • The demand for fuels is rapidly increasing
  • The stock of fossil fuel is limited
  • Green energy like wind and solar energy is renewable
  • Alternative sources of power could save the planet from the disaster of global warming


  • Immigrants contribute by paying taxes and buying products from locals
  • Immigration helps create cultural diversity
  • A high immigration rate would create unemployment for the locals
  • Immigration may also lead to a loss of cultural heritage for countries"