Trong các chủ đề của phần thi IELTS Speaking Part 3, Politeness là một trong những chủ đề ít gặp và là một chủ đề khó đối với nhiều người. Bởi đây là một khái niệm trừu tượng và rất khó để giải thích bằng lời nói. Do vậy, bạn cần phải sở hữu một lượng từ vựng kha khá để có thể tự tin và dễ dàng trả lời các câu hỏi liên quan đến chủ đề này. 

Bài viết dưới đây có thể sẽ giúp bạn phần nào trong việc ôn luyện chủ đề Politeness trong bài thi IELTS Speaking đấy nhé! 

1. Từ vựng về Politeness

exhibits consideration for others : thể hiện sự quan tâm đến người khác 

socially acceptable behavior: hành vi được chấp nhận trong xã hội 

the golden rule of : quy tắc vàng là gì 

good manners : nhân cách tốt 

take the lead : để họ chủ động 

put others at ease: làm người khác thấy thoải mái 

disrespectful behaviors: hành vi ko coi trọng người khác 

bad manners: tính cách xấu

setting their clock 15 minutes ahead: nên đặt đồng hồ sớm 15p

manners and etiquettes : nhân cách và cách ứng xử 

even open doors for them professionally: mở ra các cơ hội việc làm 

respect others’ privacy: tôn trọng sự riêng tư của người khác 

be inconsiderate to others: ko quan tâm đến người khác

2. Các câu hỏi thường gặp về Politeness

What’s the standard of being polite?

I think polite is when someone shows interest in others and socially acceptable behavior. Politeness means being aware of and respecting the feelings of others. And there are many traits that make a person polite and respectful.

First, the golden rule of good manners is knowing how to say "please" and "thank you". The second rule, I think, is that we shouldn't ask too personal questions. Because asking personal questions is not the correct approach to learn more about someone, even if we are desperate to know more details about them. We should let the other person lead rather than force them to share things they might regret.

And most importantly, another habit that polite people share is that they know how to make others feel comfortable. Because they often have a keen eye for when people are uncomfortable and they know the little things they can do to help fix it.

What behaviors will be regarded as impolite?

Well, there are many examples of disrespectful behavior. Firstly, it could be their bad manners. It seems that today, the younger generations are not raised to respect the elders. Everyone should respect those who are older than them.

Besides, cutting a line is another rude behavior. It happens all the time at the grocery store, at public events, and at amusement parks.

Also, I believe being late is another act of disrespect. Sure, life happens all the time, and we all arrive late for something sometimes, but people who have the habit of being late to work for the same reason are rude and affect others.

Who is more polite, people from cities or those from the countryside? 

I think people who live in the city are usually more polite than people in the countryside. The reason is that people in cities are often taught good manners and manners from an early age, such as showing respect to others and the elderly, good manners in public, and they understand that politeness can help them have better relationships with people and even open doors for them professionally, so they try to learn and improve their manners.

On the contrary, people in the countryside are often very conservative, they still have many rude ways, such as not respecting the privacy of others, forcing others to listen to their opinions, so I think they seem rather rude, and more than that, don't care about others.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!