Môi trường là một trong những vấn đề được quan tâm rất nhiều trong thời gian gần đây, đặc biệt là ô nhiễm môi trường. Chính vì vậy nên trong các bài thi IELTS Speaking nói chung và Part 3 nói riêng chắc chắn sẽ có chủ đề này. Bạn cần nắm thật chắc những kiến thức cơ bản liên quan đến chủ đề Môi trường để có thể tự tin trả lời trước giám khảo nhé!

1. Từ vựng về Environment

- air quality: the cleanliness of the air we breathe: chất lượng không khí

- to become extinct/ to die out: to no longer exist: tuyệt chủng

- to be under threat: to be in danger of becoming extinct: bị đe dọa

- climate change: the change in worldwide weather patterns: thay đổi khí hậu

- endangered species: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct: những loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng

- energy conservation: the careful management of energy resources to ensure they last as long as possible: bảo tồn năng lượng

- environmentally friendly: behaviour and products that do not harm the environment: thân thiện với môi trường

- exhaust fumes: the toxic gases given off by vehicles powered by petrol: khí thải

- flash floods: floods that happen quickly: lũ quét

- fossil fuels: energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground over millions of years: nhiên liệu hóa thạch

- future generations: the people who live after us: các thế hệ tương lai

- to get back to nature: to live a life that is closer to nature: trở về trạng thái tự nhiên, hòa mình với thiên nhiên

- global warming: the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as carbon dioxide: sự nóng lên toàn cầu

- heavy industry: the manufacture of heavy articles and materials in large numbers: công nghiệp nặng

- humanitarian aid: the act of showing support to people struggling to survive: viện trợ nhân đạo

- impact on: the effect on: tác động lên

- loss of habitat: the decline in areas of land where animals and plants would normally exist: mất môi trường sống

- man-made disaster: widespread damage or loss of life brought about by the action of humans: thảm họa do con người gây ra

- natural disaster: an event such as an earthquake, flood or hurricane which causes widespread damage or loss of life: thảm họa thiên nhiên

- natural environment: the place where animals and plants would normally be found in nature: môi trường tự nhiên

- the natural world: the world of nature: thế giới tự nhiên

- oil spill: waste usually deposited in the seas and oceans after an accident at sea: sự cố tràn dầu

- poaching: to hunt and kill wild animals illegally: săn bắn trái phép

- pollution levels: the amount of toxic waste: các mức độ ô nhiễm

- pressure group: a group of people who try to raise awareness of issues and try to affect the views and actions of people and organisations: nhóm người gây sức ép

- toxic waste: poisonous, unwanted rubbish often produced by industrial processes: chất thải độc hại

- wildlife conservation: to protect animals and plants and their habitats: bảo tồn động vật hoang dã

2. Các câu hỏi thường gặp về Environment

Are people in your country concerned about protecting the environment?

Honestly, no. I think the middle and upper classes are more interested in making as much money as possible to buy as many things as possible. Meanwhile there are a lot of people in my country who live below the poverty line and they absolutely cannot worry about the environment as they are struggling to make a living every day.

Does the responsibility for protecting the environment lie with governments or with individuals?

In my view the responsibility lies with all of us, However, individuals, at least in my country, are not acting in their own way, nor are businesses, they just out to make a profit. As a result, governments are forced to force people to live greener, for example by penalizing companies that discharge toxic waste into our rivers, or by pushing us to recycle everyday items.

Does it help to educate young people on being green?

Almost certainly yes, because it is the next generation that will have to shoulder the enormous burden of saving the planet. This generation doesn't do enough and worries too much about money, so I hope that the next generation will see the urgency of the situation, and the way to help them see it is to teach them about the consequences of not doing enough. polluted living.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!