1. Cấu trúc và cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Discussion Essay

IELTS Writing Task 2 là phần thi thứ hai của bài thI IELTS WRITING học thuật (IELTS Academic Writing Test). Đối với Task 2, bạn cần viết một bài luận có độ dài ít nhất là 250 từ trong vòng 40 phút. Điểm thi của phần thi task 2 sẽ chiếm 2/3 tổng số điểm của phần thi Writing.

1.1. IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Discussion Essay

Dạng Discussion là dạng bài viết mà thí sinh luôn phải đưa ra và bàn luận về 1 vấn đề có 2 quan điểm trái chiều nhau và từ đó đưa ra ý kiến cá nhân của mình. Dấu hiệu nhận biết của dạng bài này cực kỳ dễ nhận ra với câu quen thuộc: "Discuss both views and give your own opinion".

1.2. Tiêu chí chấm điểm IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Discussion Essay

- Task Response (25%): khả năng trả lời vấn đề bài thi đưa ra

- Conhenrence & Conhesion (25%): tính gắn kết và liền mạch của các câu và đoạn văn

- Vocabulary (25%): vốn từ vựng được sử dụng trong bài

- Grammar (25%): biết và sử dụng chính xác các cấu trúc ngữ pháp

1.3. Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Discussion Essay

a. Đối với phần Introduction

- General statement: paraphrase lại đề bài với 2 cấu trúc cực hay này:

Opinions differ as to whether .... or .... (Các ý kiến khác nhau là liệu ... hay ...)

Opinions differ as to whether .... or... (Các ý kiến được chia ra là liệu .... hay ....)

- Thesis statement: trả lời câu hỏi của đề bài - nêu rõ quan điểm cá nhân là mình thấy cả hai quan điểm đều có phần đúng. Các cấu trúc câu có thể dùng là: 

"Personally, I do think both views are reasonable as each has its own merits".

b. Đối với phần Body

- Ở Paragraph 1: Thí sinh nên dùng cấu trúc song hành/ diễn dịch để giải thích cho quan điểm ít hiển nhiên hơn.

Câu topic sentence 1: It is certainly true that ..... (Đó chắc chắn là đúng đắn khi mà ...)

Supporting sentences: dùng các linking words, giải thích ra.

- Ở Paragraph 2: Thí sinh tiếp tục sử dụng cấu trúc song hành/ diễn dịch để giải thích cho quan điểm còn lại.

Câu topic sentence 2: However, there are other benefits ...... (tuy nhiên, cũng tin là có những lợi ích khác ...)

Supporting sentences: dùng các linking words, giải thích ra. (tôi nghĩ là cả hai quan điểm đều hợp lý vì mỗi cái đều có những giá trị riêng của nó).

c. Đối với phầnConclusion

Phần này, bạn cần Tóm tắt lại nội dung bài viết, đề cập lại quan điểm mà bạn đã nêu ra ở phần Body (nếu có) với cấu trúc như sau: In conclusion, I believe that in addition to ......, there are ......

2. Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Discussion Essay

2.1. Đề bài 1: Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

When they finish school, teenagers face the dilemma of whether to get a job or continue their education. While there are some benefits to getting a job straight after school, I would argue that it is better to go to college or university.

The option to start work straight after school is attractive for several reasons. Many young people want to start earning money as soon as possible. In this way, they can become independent, and they will be able to afford their own house or start a family. In terms of their career, young people who decide to find work, rather than continue their studies, may progress more quickly. They will have the chance to gain real experience and learn practical skills related to their chosen profession. This may lead to promotions and a successful career.

On the other hand, I believe that it is more beneficial for students to continue their studies. Firstly, academic qualifications are required in many professions. For example, it is impossible to become a doctor, teacher or lawyer without having the relevant degree. As a result, university graduates have access to more and better job opportunities, and they tend to earn higher salaries than those with fewer qualifications. Secondly, the job market is becoming increasingly competitive, and sometimes there are hundreds of applicants for one position in a company. Young people who do not have qualifications from a university or college will not be able to compete.

For the reasons mentioned above, it seems to me that students are more likely to be successful in their careers if they continue their studies beyond school level.

2.2. Đề bài 2:  Some people think that all university students should study whatever they like. Others believe that they should only be allowed to study subjects that will be useful in the future, such as those related to science and technology. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

People have different views about how much choice students should have with regard to what they can study at university. While some argue that it would be better for students to be forced into certain key subject areas, I believe that everyone should be able to study the course of their choice.

There are various reasons why people believe that universities should only offer subjects that will be useful in the future. They may assert that university courses like medicine, engineering and information technology are more likely to be beneficial than certain art degrees. From a personal perspective, it can be argued that these courses provide more job opportunities, career progression, better salaries, and therefore an improved quality of life for students who take them. On the societal level, by forcing people to choose particular university subjects, governments can ensure that any knowledge and skill gaps in the economy are covered. Finally, a focus on technology in higher education could lead to new inventions, economic growth, and greater future prosperity.

In spite of these arguments, I believe that university students should be free to choose their preferred areas of study. In my opinion, society will benefit more if our students are passionate about what they are learning. Besides, nobody can really predict which areas of knowledge will be most useful to society in the future, and it may be that employers begin to value creative thinking skills above practical or technical skills. If this were the case, perhaps we would need more students of art, history and philosophy than of science or technology.

In conclusion, although it might seem sensible for universities to focus only on the most useful subjects, I personally prefer the current system in which people have the right to study whatever they like.

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