Task 2: Some people believe that certain old buildings should be preserved more than others.

What types of old buildings should be preserved?

Do you think the advantages of preserving old buildings outweigh the disadvantages?

  It is generally believed that the governments should maintain several specific ancient towers more significantly than others because they have historical and national values. Personally, I totally believe the merits can overshadow the downsides.

  On the one hand, there are many old buildings nowadays related to crucial events, majestic stories and also well-known characters. Protecting them means that we are reserving and appreciating the history of our countries. Moreover, this can be extremely amazing for us to popularize our national images and tradition to foreign friends and visitors. It can be the ideal way to attract foreigners to discover and enjoy our customs so as to make a great contribution to the national budget. In Vietnam, for example, our GDP comes primarily from tourism around ancient buildings so we are indoctrinated to respect and save some special antique towers which are recognized as a part of history.

   However, this is not always beneficial to countries due to some reasons. The increasing population demands a lot of towers and complexes so the more structures remain intact, the less space we have for other necessary infrastructures. In addition, some old flats not only have no practical value but also influence the scenery and environment in the local areas. As a result, the state needs to invest more in renovating or completely demolishing the run-down properties, so there are fewer financial resources for improving healthcare systems, school facilities, and transportation, etc. 

  In conclusion, many measures to preserve ancient towers can bring priceless advantages in some situations. Nevertheless, we should seriously choose suitable sites to prevent unexpected consequences.


- Maintain (v) Bảo trì, duy trì

- Reserve (v) Gìn giữ

- Preserve (v) Duy trì, bảo tồn lâu dài

- Specific (adj) Cụ thể, nhất định

- Ancient (adj) Cổ

- Significantly (adv) Quan trọng, lớn lao

- Historical values (n.phr) Những giá trị về mặt lịch sử

- Merits (n ) Giá trị, ưu điểm

- Downsides (n ) Khuyết điểm

- Overshadow (v) Làm cho lu mờ, làm mờ

- Crucial events (n.phr) Những sự kiện vô cùng quan trọng

- Majestic (adj) Tráng lệ, hùng vĩ, oai nghiêm, nguy nga

- Appreciate (v) đánh giá cao, đánh giá đúng; cảm kích

- National images (n.phr) Hình ảnh dân tộc, hình ảnh mang tầm quốc gia

- Attract (v) Thu hút

- Make a great contribution to (v) Đóng góp lớn cho

- Indotrinate (v) Truyền bá, truyền thụ, truyền giáo

- Be recognized as (v) Được công nhận là

- Beneficial to (adj) Có lợi cho, tốt cho

- Increasing population (n.phr) Dân số tăng

- Demand (v) đòi hỏi

- Remain intact: Còn nguyên vẹn, không thay đổi

- Necessary infrastructures (n.phr) Cơ sở hạ tầng cần thiết

- Practical value (n.phr) Giá trị thực tiễn

- Renovate (v) Đổi mới, tu sửa

- Demolish (v) Phá bỏ

- Run-down properties (n.phr) Nhà cửa xuống cấp

- Financial resources (n.phr) Nguồn tài chính

- To improve the healthcare system: Cải thiện hệ thống y tế

- School facilities (n.phr) Cơ sở vật chất trường học

- Priceless (adj) Vô giá

- To prevent unexpected consequences: Để tránh những hậu quả không đáng có

* Xem thêm về: IELTS Speaking Part 2 topic Describe a historical building

* Xem thêm về: IELTS Simon: Bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 1 chủ đề House